Essay for IELTS: The position of women in society
The position of women in Egyptian society was unique in theancient world. The Egyptian female enjoyed much of the samelegal and economic rights as the Egyptian male--within the samesocial class. However, how their legal freedoms related to theirstatus as defined by custom and folk tradition is more difficultto ascertain. In general, social position in Egypt was based,not on gender, but on social rank. On the other hand, theability to move through the social classes did exist for theEgyptians. Ideally, the same would have been true for women. However, one private letter of the New Kingdom from a husband tohis wife shows us that while a man could take his wife with him,as he moved up in rank, it would not have been unusual for such aman to divorce her and take a new wife more in keeping with hisnew and higher social status. Still, self-made women certainlydid exist in Egypt, and there are cases of women growing rich ontheir own resources through land speculation and the like.
I have proved that he position of women in our society cannot ..
In the diaspora, on the other hand, Jewish sects were more greatly affected by the experience of hellenism and foreign cultures. In the Jewish colony at Elephantine in Upper Egypt women could own property and transact business, take oaths and initiate divorce. They were also taxed and called up for military service.(104) The Therapeutae, an Essene-like sect living in Egypt, were also much more positive in their attitude toward women than the Essenes of Palestine. The Therapeutae admitted women to full membership in the community. Women were, however, still segregated and silent during worship. Both the Elephantine colony and the Therapeutae may have been influenced by the freedom and high position of women in Egyptian society.
Secondly, the traditional views of the position of women within society are so deeply ingrained that they have not really changed. For instance, not only is the view that women should stay at home and look after their family still widely held, but it is reinforced through images seen on television programmes and advertisements. An example of this is that few men are ever seen doing housework on television, since this is traditionally thought as 'a woman's job'.
The status of women in the Roman empire was influenced by the position of women in hellenistic society and also in the earlier Italian civilization of Etruria. The Etruscans had accorded women great freedom and respect. Women were allowed to participate independently in society and business.(61)